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Compare 16 electric and 2 gas water heater timers How much cost to run water heater Family chart for setting water heater timer 9 ways to save with water heater Do-it-yourself
Figure volts amps watts for water heater Troubleshoot electric water heater Water heater manufacturers
What size water heater?
Energy standards New energy standard 2015

Under 55 gallon: More insulation = bigger tank and more money
No standing pilot light and flue baffles mean you need electric outlet for gas water heater models.

'The new standard will result in approximately 43% energy savings. Lower energy bills would cover typical incremental costs for more efficient water heaters (about $800) in seven years.'

That optimism probably does not consider installation cost for remodeling and higher repair bills. But might be accurate if it includes the added number of downsized water heaters and shorter showers and less water usage.
Energy standards Over 55 gallon: More technology = and more money
Electric water heaters over 55 gallon must be hybrid to meet energy standards
Gas water heaters over 55 gallon must be full condensing
Install surge protection
Clean dedicated line voltage recommended for both

Electronic ignition/ no standing pilot light
Flue baffles and dampers
Efficiency of gas water heater
Energy factor is not efficiency
Energy factor is a formula for calculating efficiency
Source for efficiency/ pdf

Chart shows typical tank-type gas water heaters gained 2% efficiency over prior years. This might save $12-15 per year operation cost.

All costs are energy, and new heaters have one-time up-front cost: they use more materials, arrive in larger boxes, take up more space and cost more to buy. On the back end, they cost more to replace. What is the real energy savings if a heater saves $12-15 per year, lasts 12 years for a total saving of $144, but consumes more raw materials to manufacture and costs $200 more to buy just to claim higher efficiency?

See example chart
Old sizing chart
Post 2015 heaters require high tech for sizes over 50 gallon
Take showers instead of bath. Save 10 gallons hot water each time.
To achieve same hot water consumption as previous heater withut buying more expensive heater install 2 water heaters, cut consumption, maintain heater, turn up thermostat temperature

Two water heaters
9 ways to save with water heater
Maintain water heater
How to adjust themostat
Ways to increase hot water
Calculate first hour delivery


For large bathtub, use 80 gallon first hour
Size chart shows First Hour delivery rating
First hour is capacity of tank at peak-usage times.
For example at night when everybody is taking a shower or bath

Increase amount of hot water with changes and maintenance
How to adjust temperature
How to increase amount of hot water
How to maintain water heater

Homes with garden tub, whirlpool bath, or oversized tub = first hour 80 gallon

Avoid oversized bathtubs.
It's not cheap to heat all that hot water.
Buy a spa.
Drive to ocean and support tourism.
Large bathtub / whirlpool tub

Recommend 80 gallon first hour delivery
Electric: minimum 60-to-80 gallon size just for that one tub
Gas: minimum 50 gallon size just for that one tub

Electric heat pump water heaters generally cannot produce enough hot water.

Tankless promise unlimited hot water, but temperature of water is 120 F and water in tub may be cool by time tub fills. Cost of maintenance and repairs never pay back. All costs are energy
Troubleshoot Rheem tankless

Turn up thermostat on any water heater to increase amount of available hot water
How to adjust temperature
How to increase amount of hot water
Cost to run water heater
Rain barrel
Larger image
Set rain barrel higher than 550 gallon tank
Use bulkhead fitting to tap into rain barrel
Use 1-1/4" PVC water line to connect rain barrel to tank
Tank must be on flat concrete pad.
Cover top of rain barrel with hardware cloth to protect animals from falling into tank.

Use gutter to channel water to rain barrel.
Pour bath water into 55 gallon barrel using 5-gallon buckets
Low pressure water timer
Price of water What is water worth?

If you had to carry each gallon from the river up to your 2nd floor bathtub, when would you start to conserve?
Average home uses 1/2 acre-foot water per year.
135,000 gallons = 27,000 5-gallon buckets
Read about growth and electric consumption
safety chart
How to adjust temperature on water heaters

How to install gas water heater

Troubleshoot gas water heater

Troubleshoot electric water heater

Electricity from pole to breaker box

See basic 120V and 240V water heater circuits

Compare all water heater timers
Do it yourself
Do it yourself water heater

How to twist wire

How to wire off-peak water heater
Cutler Hammer C25BUB230A
Contactors
Recirculation system
Hot water circulation system
Solar water heater
9+ ways to save with water heater

Motorized shut off valve

Anode rods

Clean sediment from tank
How electric water heater works

Troubleshoot electric water heater
Intermatic parts
Intermatic trippers and parts

Dayton off-delay timer
Paragon timers and manuals
Tork TU universal timer
Wire EH40 and WH40 timers
  
Power pack troubleshoot  Tork timers and manuals
Tork TU universal timer
Support the economy:
Buy water heaters from my associate links:

50 gallon Gas water heaters at Amazon
40 gallon gas water heaters at Amazon
50 gallon Electric water heaters at Amazon
40 gallon electric water heaters at Amazon
Hybrid / heat pump/ water heaters at Amazon

Resources:
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Troubleshoot electric water heater
Point of use water heaters
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Icon gas valve

How to replace water heater element Waste King disposal
How to wire tankless electric


Install point of use water heater
Titan tankless

Contactors/ relays
Type 1 and type 2 surge protection surge protection
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surge protection
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Tankless recirculation
Point of use water heater
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box timers Resource:
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programmable timer Resource:
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