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2016
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 How to maintain water heater

Save $5-10 per month in water heater replacement costs
Find age of water heater by serial number
minerals in water

Flush water heater each 6 month.

Gas and electric heaters.
Flushing prevents sediment build-up.
How to flush water heater
Clean sediment out of electric water heater

Sediment reduces efficiency

Applies to gas and electric water heaters
Tank pops and rumbles, then sediment is inside tank.
Electric water heater efficiency can be fully restored, while gas water heater cannot
This is why flushing gas water heater once each 6 months is best plan.
How to clean sediment out of tank

Inspect tank for leaks each 6 months

Gas and electric
Prevent water damage
Leaking water heater
Dripping faucet

Maintain faucets so water heater runs less:

Gas and electgric
Fix leaks so hot water is not running out of tank
Install dual-handle faucets
Do not lift Single handle faucets in center or cold water enters tank
Single handle faucets: check for crossover
Crossover
Maintain TP valve

Raise and gently lower TP valve lever 1 time year

Applies to gas and electric water heaters
How to test and replace TP valve
water heater air intake

Clean air intake regularly

Gas heaters only
Avoid FVIR lockout
Applies to gas water heaters, electric hybrid water heaters, but not to tank-type electric
Do not install gas water heater in dusty environment.
Read more
Soot on water heater

Inspect gas water heater each 1-3 years

Gas heaters only
Top of heater should not have soot
Read product manual for advisories and maintenance
Troubleshoot gas water heater
Soot on gas burner

Inspect gas water heater combustion chamber 1 time per year

Gas heaters only
Flame should be strong and clear blue. Yellow flame indicates insuffucient air.
Read product manual for advisories and maintenance
Troubleshoot gas water heater
Anode rod

Inspect and replace anode rod

Applies to gas and electric heaters
Anode rod prevents steel tank from rusting
Remove and Inspect anode each 1-3 years
How to replace anode rod

Use power anode rod when water heater has chronic odor problem

Water softeners accelerate anode consumption because they eliminate the formation of scale in
the water heater tank Light scale formation in a water heater is desirable since it forms a barrier
film on the exposed steel surfaces in the tank such as pipe connections and weld areas.
Read AO Smith pdf


Tank pressure
Buy pressure gauges at Amazon

Test pressure

Gas and electric
Pressure over 80 psi can damage water heater and damage plumbing pipes.
Faucets do not last as long, water heater can fail
\50 psi is good

Put BTG100 or similar gauge on water heater drain valve.
If pressure is high, then install pressure reducting valve.

Buy pressure gauges at Amazon
Water pressure gauges

Resources:
Test for high and low pressure
Pressure reducing valve
Expansion tank


DIY Electric water heaters

Troubleshoot resources for electric water heater

DIY Gas water heaters

Troubleshoot resources for gas water heater
How to install gas water heater

Clean air for gas water heater

Gas water heater only
Clean air intake yearly
Gas water heaters today need clean environment, and plenty of fresh air
Do not install gas water heater in dusty environment

Troubleshoot resources for gas water heater
Understand and prevent FVIR problems
Water faucet on fire
Hydrogen gas in water line.

Understand safety precautions

Gas and electric
Read more about safety precaution for gas and electric water heaters
Safety precautions
FVIR water heater
Solar heat

Reduce consumption = tank lasts longer

Applies to gas and electric water heaters
9 Ways to save with a water heater

DIY Troubleshoot resources

Troubleshoot resources for electric
Troubleshoot resources for gas
Leaking water heater

More Do-it-yourself resources:
Do it yourself repairs
Tank: professional water heater forum
Drip pan
Drip pan saves damage
See drip pan installation
Water heater drip pans at Amazon

Water heater drip pan

Gas and electric
Avoid major damage to home caused by tank rupture and leaking.
Install drip pan under water heater.
Set heater on bricks so water hose can be connected to drain valve
See drip pan installation
Also Read:  Leaking water heater

Flexible Copper Water Heater Connector at Amazon

Use flexible copper connections

Gas and electric
Avoid leaks, makes repairs easier

Larger image

Electrically ground water pipes on top of heater

Electric water heater only
Water heaters that rust out quickly might be connected to water pipes that are not grounded.
Hot water pipes are not grounded in many homes. Read Pdf  
To get 'rid of stray current corrosion, jumper between hot and cold pipes with #6 solid copper wire. And check that cold water pipe is grounded to main panel and to grounding rod. Read1  Read2 

Check that water heater is bonded to electrical ground: this action will prevent electrocution.
Heat trap inserts

Factory-installed heat trap nipples and inserts can clog

Gas and electric
Remove heat traps.
Prevent low water pressure problems.
Save service call and repairs by removing heat traps
Make your own heat traps and save $4-9 per year
See how to make heat traps
Low hot water pressure

Read product manual

Read and understand the product installation
Check the warranty
Each product has Safety precautions
Perform the Required maintenance
Water heater manufacturers
Find age of water heater by serial number
Insurance failure rate of water heater Water heater failure data from Insurance industry
Larger image

Prevent rusted tank failure with anode rod
Inspect tank each 6 months to prevent other failures
Set water heater in drip pan to help prevent loss
9-ways to save with water heater

Set tank in drip pan to prevent water damage
See installation image
Gas and electric water heaters

Resources:
How to install gas water heater
Troubleshoot gas water heater
Troubleshoot electric water heater
Intermatic control centers Intermatic control centers:
+ manuals and parts


Including Z-wave
box timers Compare box timers

Control with Z-wave
programmable timer Compare programmable timers

Control water heater with programmable wall timer
Countdown timers Compare countdown timers

Control water heater with countdown timer
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