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Timer caught fire/
Fire inside timer/ Overheating

timer fire Timer fire:
Cause: Stranded wire under COM2 terminal got hot, came loose and caused fire
Solution:
Replace timer
When installing timer, Use only solid copper wire
Solder end of stranded wire to make solid

Resource for timer manuals, wiring and purchase
GM40 series, GE 15000 series, Tork series
Intermatic defrost timers

Resources:
Match breaker and wire size

Fire inside timer caused by stranded wire
Keep enclosure door closed at all times

Two alternatives.
1. crimp a ferrule onto the wire so the screw terminal digs into that, and the strands are protected.
2. Use a terminal type in which the wire strands are protected from the screw.


Fire caused by stranded wire
Do not use stranded wire under screw plate on timer, contactor, relay, outlet, switch or any electrical device
Buy:
soldering guns
Resource

Terminals
What is amperage
Basic house wiring
How to troubleshoot household electricity
Install arc fault breaker Arc fault breaker will prevent fire inside timer caused by a loose wire or stranded wire
Arc fault breaker trips when there is short to ground (same as GFCI) but it also trips when a spark is detected on the line
Spark from loose wire will trip breaker... this will signal that wire is loose under the screw plate, or there is a ground fault on the line
Only one GFCI-protection device per circuit... so you cannot have GFCI and Arc fault on same circuit... nor can you have 2 GFCIs on same circuit.... they will cause tripping
It is OK to have more than one ordinary breaker or fuse per circuit

Buy
Arc fault breakers at Amazon

Resource:
How to wire arc fault
How to wire GFCI
burned resistor on timer
This timer appears to have damage on 1 component... but actually several components have dark solder connections, showing that several parts overheated
Burned resistor on timer
R1 resistor burned, R2 resistor burned
Replace timer
No prevention steps
Check that timer is receiving correct voltage and Load does not exceed rating.

This is common problem as timer ages
Normally if R1 or R2 are burned... look carefully and other nearby parts have signs of burning also.
R1-R2 are usually first place you see overheat problem
This is true with older and newer models in the GM and Woods and Tork series digital timers, including defrost series

Frequently these timers with burned R1 are sold on ebay after they have been removed from service... simply because the timer looks good or repair seems simple.

Check if one of the relays is still functional.. sometimes a timer can be used with one relay.

Related solutions:
Use correct voltage to match timer
Do not exceed load rating on timer
Use correct wire and breaker

Resource:
Match breaker and wire size
Figure volts amps watts

More resources:
Compare similar timers
Compare all box timers
GM series defrost timers
R1 resistor Unburned R1 R2 resistors
Note there are no high-heat or burn residue at end of each part
R1 resistor Unburned R1 R2 resistors
Note there is no high-heat or burn residue at end of each part
burned timer

Relay points
Points on timer relay can get burned
It is normal for carbon to build up on points, causing loss of electrical contact.
Turn power off, and use nail file to clean points

There are no replacement relays for these timers... but you can clean points with a nail file... and if relay is bad, frequently one of the two relays will still function, and load can be controlled by turning off 1 hot wire

Resources:
How to wire GM40 timer
Difference between relay and contactor
Contactors
prevent timer fire Keep enclosure door closed
All electical connections must be made inside a box, and each box must have cover or dor to stop fire from spreading
High heat even will be confined inside the box, and provide fire safety

All electrical devices have amp rating and max amp overload rating

Resource:
Why you need ground wire
Fire inside Intermatic timer Keep enclosure door closed
Outlet is warm   circuit breakers are warm Resource
How to troubleshoot household electricity

Multimeter
Test for breaks in wire/ Test for voltage
Most appliance require 80% rated voltage to function correctly
Buy:
Multimeters at Amazon
Electric testers at Amazon 
Resource:
How to test and replace element
How to test thermocouple
Element tests for 120 volts
How to test wire
Safety when testing wires:
Never touch wet or previously flooded appliance.
Never stand on wet surface when working on electric.
Never stand on bare soil, put down dry boards.
Tape tester leads to wood sticks to keep hands away from power.
Use non-contact voltage tester before touching wires.
Never touch or lean into any made of metal.
Remove metal objects from pockets.
Do not use oxygen or fuel accelerants in same room as electrcial repairs

Resource:
Basic house wiring

Non-contact voltage tester
Test for power without touching connectorss
NEVER assume power is OFF
Buy:

Non-contact voltage tester Amazon
Electric testers at Amazon 
Resource:
How to test electric power is off
wire connector assortment
Twist-on wire connector assortments
Do not reuse old connectors 
Buy

Connector assortment at Amazon
Connector assortment at Amazon

Resource
How to select and install twist-on wire connectors
Weatherproof wire connector
Weatherproof wire connector
Connector cavity is full of silicone
Built-in cover keeps silicone in place
Protect from water, dust etc
Buy from my affiliate links
Weatherproof size 14 to 6 Amazon
Weatherproof size 22 to 8 Amazon

Resource
How to select and install twist-on wire connectors
Wire connector wrench
Wrench to apply wire connectors
Tighten connector 
Buy

Wire connector blaster
Twist connector wrenches at Amazon

Resources:
How to twist wire
How to select and install twist-on wire connectors
Treminals
Terminals
Buy:
Terminal kit
Blue for 16-14 wire
Yellow for 12-10 wire
Read about terminals
Push on wire connectors
Push-on wire connectors in place of twist-on connectors
Buy:
Push on wire connectors Amazon
Red 3P connector for 10-14 gauge wire
Lever connectors for stranded wire at Amazon

Resource:
How to install terminals

linesman pliers
Buy tools:
Wire strippers at Amazon
Linesman pliers
Utility knife at Amazon
End cutting nippers at Amazon

Fire inside timer caused by stranded wire
Keep enclosure door closed at all times
Causes: timer fire

Fire safety
Use only solid copper wire, and no insulation under screw plate.
Max 2 wires under screw plate
Both wires same gauge
Insdulation under screw plate
Larger image
Both wires MUST be same gauge
Straighten each wire
Tighten screw very tight against copper wire


Larger image

Connect stranded and solid with wire connector and run jumper to screw plate.
Or add solder to stranded wire to make solid.
See example image

 Turn stranded wire into solid wire by soldering stranded wire.

Use wire connector    
Push on wire connectors
Use push-on wire connectors
3 wires/ or different gauge wires
Join wires with wire connector or push-on connector
Push-on connector is preferred for water heater thermostats or higher heat installations
Run jumper to screw terminal.
Buy:
Push on wire connectors at Amazon
Lever nuts for stranded wire at Amazon
Red 3P connector (shown) for 10-14 gauge wire
Resource:
How to select and install wire connector
10-3-wire
  12 Ga
10-3-wire 10 gauge or 12 gauge?
10 gauge is larger/ for 30 amp breaker. 12 gauge is smaller/ for 20 amp breaker
10 gauge wire can have black-white or black-red
12 gauge will have black and white wires

Buy short pieces 10 and 12 gauge wire at local box store
Compare with your wire.
Resource
Match color code and amp rating for wire
With 120 and 277 Volt circuits, white wire is always Neutral, and black is Hot
Hot wire is always switched on-off. Neutral wire remains connected without switching.
With 208 and 240 circuits, both wires are Hot, and both wires carry voltage.
Either Hot wire can be switched on-off. Or both Hot wires can be switched on-off.
Add black tape when white wire carries voltage (applies to 208 and 240V circuits)
CA3750
5 knock-outs
1 on back, 1 on each side and 2 on bottom

Keep enclosure door closed
Romex connector Use Wire connectors, or conduit clamps to secure wire to enclosure
By code, all wire must be securely attached to enclosure to prevent wire pull-out.
Wires or conduit must be secured to structure, so there are no loose wires.
Wires inside the enclosure cannot lay over top of connection terminals.
Join all ground wires together and cover with wire connector.
Push ground wires down and away from connection terminals.
2T2500GA plastic outdoor enclosure has 5 knock outs for 1/2" and 3/4" Wire connectors 1 on back, 1 on each side and 2 on bottom
Resources:
More Intermatic enclosures
Wire clamps
Burned part on electric water heater
Replace part, cut back burned wire
Resource:
Electric water heater parts and replacement
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Buy water heaters from my associate links:

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Resources:
How to install gas water heater
How to install electric water heater
Troubleshoot gas water heater
Troubleshoot electric water heater
Point of use water heaters
Resources:
Troubleshoot Gas valves with manuals
Icon gas valve

How to replace water heater element Waste King disposal
How to wire tankless electric


Install point of use water heater
Titan tankless

Contactors/ relays
Install and troubleshoot garbage disposal Waste King disposal
Programmable timers

Woods timers
surge protection
Anode rods anode rods
Recirculation system

Tankless recirculation
Point of use water heater
Type 1 and type 2 surge protection surge protection
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Industrial electric

Industrial supplies

Tools and home improvement

Home and garden

Hayward pool
Pentair pool

Southwire electric
Buy
Tools

DEWALT
Black and Decker
Stanley
SKIL
Makita
Porter-Cable
Bosch

Irwin Hand tools
Klein hand tools
Fluke electrical testing
Dremel hobby tools

Campbell Hausfeld air powered
Tekton automotive

Powerbuilt automotive
Saws and saw blades
box timers Resource:
Compare box timers
DPDT timers
Intermatic
Control water heater w/ Z-wave
Intermatic control centers Resource:
Intermatic control centers: and parts
Digital control centers and parts
Tork control centers and parts
Subpanels
All control centers and parts
Enclosures
programmable timer Resource:
Programmable timers
Countdown timers
Off delay timers
On delay timers
Timer modules
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Twin & one-shot
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Low voltage power packs Recirculation systems
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